In today's world the outbreak of Sexually Transmitted Diseases is growing, fortunately the speed at which new infections spread has slowed considering. Some of the increase in the rate of new infections may be attributed to better testing practices. In 2010, statistics shows 13 million new infections a year with 65 million people walking around with incurable diseases.
An STD is an illness that is spread by humans during sexual activity and in some cases from sharing needles with an infected person. Many sexually transmitted diseases are spread through the mucous membranes of the sexual organs. Each disease has a pathogen associated with it, and most are transported in body fluids. Other sources are saliva, sweat, urine, feces, and skin, even light contact with this pathogen can transmit the infection.
Depending on the Disease, a person can be a carrier without showing symptoms. Others have an incubation period that will delay the appearance of symptoms, it will not even test positive until the incubation period is completed.
All sexual activity involves the exchange of bodily fluids with another person so care use be used to prevent transmission of these fluids. The dangers of each disease Varies greatly while having their own set of risks. While all infections are serious, the most care should be taken to prevent the spread of HIV. This disease can be fatal and is incurable, HIV can be spread from mother to child during childbirth or breastfeeding. HIV is not just a sexual disease, it can be spread through blood contact and blood transfusions.
The only sure way to prevent infection is to abstain from all sexual and high risk activities, Condoms and dental dams are effective in decreasing the risk of infections if used properly but come with no guarantee. Here are some guidelines for using a condom properly;
Wearing the wrong size can defeat the barrier
Never invert or spill a used condom
Avoid any condom not made of latex
Avoid using oil based lubricants with condoms
Avoid flavored condoms, they can cause yeast infections
Never reuse a condom
Testing for Sexually Transmitted Diseases has improved greatly over the years, there are testing companies now that keep all tests and results private. The better ones have hospital grade tests including home test kits and will also treat you. Testing has to be done after the incubation periods are complete or they may be a negative result, during this time frame it is still possible to transmit the disease.